What is Kalam?

Feather pen into the inkwell. Isolated on a white background.

KALAM 1.

PEN AND INK

Early 20th-century Ink pots from North India
An ink-dipped pen is archaic, a historical artifact, which for me holds romantic, evocative associations with Shakespeare, the Brontes, Jane Austin, Charles Dickens, Mirza Ghalib and so many writers coming down to the pre-computer age.  These pages are called KALAM, meaning PEN in Hindi and Urdu -- and also, I am enlightened by my friend, Hamit Arvas, "kalem" is the Turkish word for Pen.

ab3f5a4379b69196796209650ea7d0d3Mirza Ghalib

persuasion-austin

Jane Austen at her desk and a page of Persuasion
fankncas
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